Last modified 4 years ago Last modified on 09/03/13 21:19:20

Top Quark Decay to a Higgs and a Light Quark Operator


Neutral Flavor Changing couplings are absent in the Standard Model at tree level. Moreover, at next-to-leading order they are supressed by the GIM mechanism. Therefore a detection of such processes would be a strong hint at new physics. Here we focus Neutral Flavor Change mediated by the Higgs boson following [@zhang2013top].

The lowest dimensional operators compatible with the symmetries of the Standard Model are the following six-dimensional operators (for a comprehensive list of all six-dimensional operators compatible with Standard Model symmetries consult [@grzadkowski2010dimension]):

  • chromomagnetic operator $O_{uG}$
O^{1,3}_{uG} = y_t g_s (\bar{q} \sigma^{\mu\nu} T^a t) \bar{\phi} G^a_{\mu\nu}; \\
O^{3,1}_{uG} = y_t g_s (\bar{Q} \sigma^{\mu\nu} T^a u) \bar{\phi} G^a_{\mu\nu};
  • dimension-six Yukawa interaction $O_{u\phi}$
O^{1,3}_{u\phi} = - y_t^3 (\phi^\dagger \phi) (\bar{q} t) \bar{\phi}; \\
O^{3,1}_{u\phi} = - y_t^3 (\phi^\dagger \phi) (\bar{Q} u) \bar{\phi};
  • To each (1,3) operator corresponds a (3,1) operator where the flavors are reversed.
  • To each operator (e.g. (1,3)) corresponds another where the up quark is exchanged for a charm quark (e.g. (2,3)).
  • The hermitian conjugates of the above-mentioned operators contributing with the opposite chirality.

Where we denoted:

  • $\phi$ is the Higgs doublet;
  • $Q$ and $q$ are respectively the 1st (or 2nd) and the 3th left-handed quark doublet;
  • $u$ (or $c$) and $t$ are the right-handed quarks;
  • $\bar{\phi} = i \sigma2 \phi$
  • $y_t = \sqrt{2}\frac{m_t}{v}$ the top quark Yukawa coupling.

The complete Lagrangian takes the form:

\mathcal{L}_{eff} = \mathcal{L}_{SM} + \sum_i \frac{c_i O_i}{\Lambda^2},

where $\Lambda$ is the new physics energy scale, $O_i$ is for the various six-dimensional operators in consideration and $c_i$ are relative couplings.

The normalizations for the six-dimensional operators were chosen such that for any new SM-like vertices the ratio of the new couplings to the SM couplings is of the form $c_i\frac{m_t2}{\Lambda2}$.

Implementation and Validation

The implementation is a straightforward transcription of the Lagrangian into FeynRules format as no new fields need to be defined.

The model was validated using the build-in checks in FeynRules and MadGraph5. Moreover the decay widths were confirmed through MadGraph5 and compared to the analytical results.