Version 4 (modified by druekeel, 19 months ago) (diff)


A Coloron Model


  • Elizabeth Drueke (Michigan State University)
  • Joseph Nutter (Michigan State University)
  • Reinhard Schwienhorst (Michigan State University)
  • Natascia Vignaroli (Michigan State University)
  • Devin G. E. Walker (SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory)
  • Jiang-Hao Yu (The University of Texas at Austin)

Description of the Model


$SU(3)_1 \times SU(3)_2 \to SU(3)_C$

breaking induced by the expectation value of the

({$\bf 3,\bar{ 3}$})

scalar field Phi generates color-octet and color-singlet scalars. The most general renormalizable potential for Phi is:

$V(\Phi)=-m^2_{\Phi}\text{Tr}(\Phi\Phi^\dagger) -\mu (\text{det }\Phi+\text{H.c.})+\frac{\xi}{2}\left[ \text{Tr}(\Phi\Phi^\dagger) \right]^2+\frac{k}{2}\text{Tr}(\Phi\Phi^\dagger\Phi\Phi^\dagger) \ ,$


$\text{det } \Phi = \frac{1}{6}\epsilon^{ijk}\epsilon^{i'j'k'}\Phi_{ii'}\Phi_{jj'}\Phi_{kk'} \ ,$

and where, without loss of generality, one can choose mu > 0. Assuming

$m^2_\Phi >0$,

Phi acquires a (positive) diagonal expectation value:

$\langle \Phi \rangle = u \cdot \mathcal{I} \,.$

The Phi expansion around the vacuum gives:

$\Phi=u+\frac{1}{\sqrt{6}}\left(\phi_R+i\phi_I\right)+\left(G^a_H+iG^a_G\right)T^a \ ,$


$\phi_R$, $\phi_I$

are singlets under SU(3)_C Additionally,

$G^a_G$, $a=1,\dots,8$,

are the Nambu-Goldstone bosons associated with the color-symmetry breaking, and


are color octets.

GH can be produced in pairs through its interactions with gluons:

$\frac{g^2_s}{2}f^{abc}f^{ade}G^b_{\mu}G^{\mu d}G^c_H G^e_H +g_s f^{abc} G^a_{\mu} G^b_H \partial^{\mu} G^c_H \ ,$

or it can be produced singly via gluon-gluon fusion. This occurs at one-loop order through the cubic interaction

$\frac{\mu}{6} d_{abc} G^a_H G^b_H G^c_H   \,,$

which arises from the


term in the potential; where


is the SU(3) totally symmetric tensor. The single production of GH can be described by the effective coupling

$-\frac{1}{4} C_{ggG} d_{abc} G^a_{\mu\nu} G^{\mu\nu b} G^c_H$


$C_{ggG}=\sqrt{\frac{1}{6}}\frac{\alpha_s}{\pi }\frac{\mu}{M^2_{G_H}}\left(\frac{\pi^2}{9}-1\right) \ .$

Note that single production is suppressed by a factor

$(\pi^2/9 -1)^2$,

which is an accidental suppression factor coming from the loop. Above the threshold for decays into a single top quark, GH has two main decay modes: the decay into gluons, which occurs at loop-level similar to single coloron production, and the flavor-violating decay into tc. The corresponding rates are:

$\Gamma \left[G_H \to (\bar{c}_L t_R +\bar{t}_R c_L )\right] =\left(V_{cb}\right)^2 \frac{M_{G_H}}{16 \pi} \frac{m^2_t}{u^2}\left(1-\frac{m^2_t}{M^2_{G_H}}\right)^2 \,, $ \newline
$\Gamma \left[G_H \to gg \right]=\frac{5 \alpha^2_s}{1536 \pi^3}\frac{\mu^2}{M_{G_H}}\left(\frac{\pi^2}{9}-1\right)^2 \,.$

We set u=mu (the stability of the potential forbids mu>u); and consider for simplicity the set of

$(M_{G_H}, \mu)$

values that give a 50% GH decay into tc and 50% into gg. GH is a very narrow resonance, with a width of the order of 10-4 GeV.

Various Feynman Diagrams for GH processes discussed in 1409.7607v2 are shown below:

Feynman Diagram 1

Feynman Diagram 4 Feynman Diagram 5

Feynman Diagram 2 Feynman Diagram 3 See more details in

Model Files

Generation specifics

In 1409.7607v2, the samples were generated with the mass as the scale, dsqrt_q2fact1, and dsqrt_q2fact2 in the run_card. These samples were also generated without the pre-included MadGraph cuts as demonstrated in the run_card.dat for 500 GeV mass included above. The specific generations run were

p p > GH, GH > b c~ l+ vl @1 GHT=1 QED=2
p p > GH, GH > b~ c l- vl~ @2 GHT=1 QED=2

Specific masses can be generated using the appropriate model file from the Octet-tcgg zip file.